• [UK_Cities Today] The people’s champion: Park Won-soon, Mayor of Seoul
    등록일 2017-03-14 글쓴이 ssunha 조회수 1 READS
    The people’s champion: Park Won-soon, Mayor of Seoul 12th November 2016 By Steve Hoare See The Original(Click Here) With South Korea mired in political scandal, the achievements of Park Won-soon, the Mayor of Seoul, might yet catapult him into the president’s office. Steve Hoare spoke to the mayor about his policies for community-led development of the country’s capital Park Won-soon’s career before he became mayor marks him out as one of politics’ good guys. And if there is one thing that South Korea needs right now it is a good guy. Before assuming the role of mayor in 2011, Park worked mainly for NGOs after a spell as District Attorney at the Daegu district prosecutor’s office. His time as Secretary General of the People’s Solidarity for Participatory Democracy (Motto: ‘Let’s make the world a better place with people power’) and Executive Director of The Beautiful Foundation (Mission: ‘Making sharing a part of life for a society thriving together’) reveal a political outsider markedly different from the populist nationalists making waves in the west. In December, South Korea’s parliament voted to impeach the president following the scandal surrounding President Park Guen-hye’s relationship with Choi Soon-sil with allegations of Rasputin-like corruption, occult practices and illegal influence which has seen the arrest of the CEO of Samsung. If that vote is upheld by the country’s supreme court, an election will follow in 60 days. Park is far from the favourite but many expect him to run and the scandal has certainly got him thinking. His focus, however, is on the people rather than himself. “The presidency is not achieved by one’s desires but should be a response to public sentiment,” says Park. “Even before we discuss the matter of my running for the next presidency, I would need to ensure whether the calling of public sentiment and the future vision is towards me. Thus I am seeking opinions of many people.” A beautiful history Park’s lack of affiliation to political parties may well work in his favour. He ran as an independent candidate in the 2011 election that made him Mayor of Seoul at a time when the country had a similar wave of anti-establishment feeling. On taking office, Park immediately started work on his biggest project–the Sharing City Seoul initiative. The project has progressed from the first stage of sharing public property such as roads and parks into a second stage of sharing information, knowledge and talent. “The sharing culture has spread into people’s daily lives, providing solutions to multiple urban problems. This is also giving way to a new consumer culture which is our fundamental goal, a collaborative consumption,” says Park. Seoul is building support systems and policies that create a sharing platform for city administration and operations. The Architectural Guideline of Shared Housing and the Sharing Transportation System by Self-driving Cars are just two examples of Seoul’s initiatives in this area. “Sharing is a hot topic and a new way of life around the globe of this era,” continues Park. “Issues of capitalism of low growth and limitations of natural resources, mass production and consumption are now brought to the surface. To overcome this we must now find effective ways to use our limited natural resources through sharing and also by building bridges for communities to build sustainable cities and contribute to national advancement.” A theme of Park’s term as mayor has been his efforts to reach out beyond his jurisdiction to share best practices in Korea and beyond. Park’s unerring focus on collaboration goes way beyond the Sharing Seoul brand rhetoric and hype. As recently as last September, he was in Montreal for the Global Social Economy Forum and hosted the Sharing City Seoul Festival in November. He has attended the UN Convention on Climate Change and taken on the role of president of ICLEI–the global network of 1,500 local governments working towards sustainability. On Seoul’s own journey towards sustainability, and particularly on the subject of carbon emissions, Park is cautious and pragmatic. While stating that Seoul is aiming for 100 percent renewable energy in the long-term, he acknowledges the city’s high consumption of energy and points out that the regional energy masterplan is aiming for just 10 percent of energy from renewables by 2020. One of the city’s most successful initiatives in this space is the Energy Welfare Public Private Partnership that was rolled out in 2015. “Energy welfare is a basic right for everyone,” explains Park. “The low-income group has difficulties even with procuring essential necessary energy. Because of this, Seoul has decided that energy welfare can’t be resolved alone by government agencies but needs the help of the public and is pursuing projects through public and private enterprise collaboration.” The Seoul Energy Welfare Civic Fund, designed to combat energy poverty, has raised US$500,810 from 34 businesses and 1,800 citizens. As part of the plan, Seoul has registered a virtual power plant to sell 5MW of electricity saved by 17 municipal buildings and institutions. Annual profit of around US$178,000 is sent into the Seoul Energy Welfare Civic Fund for the expansion of its energy welfare programmes. The city has installed PV power panels at around 1,600 public apartments and low-income households, reducing their fuel spending. Additionally, recipients of 2,400 LED-bulb replacements saw their energy consumption and associated costs fall. The city has also recruited 180 underprivileged job seekers as energy consultants and welfare workers, responsible for conducting assessments of residential properties, providing energy welfare support and retrofitting homes for higher energy efficiency. To date, almost 3,000 homes have been retrofitted. Democracy in motion As Park considers the will of the people ahead of a possible presidential run, another city project is taking shape that illustrates the mayor’s approach to democracy and the concept of sharing that has run through his career. “The historical value of the 2030 Seoul Plan is that it is a departure from the old system of civil servants and experts deciding on policies. It is the people of the city participating in the vision of urban planning and finalising it,” explains Park. The core philosophy of 2030 Seoul Plan is a vision of a “happy city of citizens with communication and consideration”. If this does not translate very well to English, the basic idea is obvious. Park cannot claim credit for this credo, it was suggested by Seoul’s citizens. The Seoul Plan civil participatory group is a group of 100 people representing the people of Seoul that are canvassing opinions online and working closely with experts and the metropolitan government to build a new vision for the capital. “Especially considering our reflection of the past ways of rapid growth and urbanisation, they are not merely focused on the result of growth but on the objective and the procedures of that objective and quality of life and happiness,” continues Park. “Historical and environmental values, regeneration of communities, welfare and safety were considered as a vision of the new urban planning.” The mayor says that this method of civil participation is in the process of mapping out urban planning for the next 100 years. The five core elements are: a people-centred city without discrimination; a dynamic global city with a strong job market; a vibrant cultural and historic city; a lively and safe city; and to achieve stable housing and easy transport, a community-oriented city. While these might seem like the sort of core values that any group of community-minded citizens would come up with, the participatory group has identified the key policy areas that need to be addressed and remapped the city’s historic, business, cultural and financial zones and its neighbourhoods to give the project a framework to work with. While many cities are just feeling the way into their resource efficiency and circular economy plans, Seoul is clearly some way down the path. Park says that Seoul’s rapid growth brought about a culture of “destruction, demolishing the old and rebuilding, simply throwing away what one does not need”. “To activate the circular economy, it was imperative to educate the public on the social value of repairing, re-using and sharing recycled goods. This had to be done through various policies and projects and the classic example was urban regeneration,” he explains. “Instead of demolishing housing and buildings with tenants and residents, we chose a way to preserve the historical, cultural values of the neighbourhoods, preserving the structures of people’s lives. This has in time, proven to be a better solution for peoples’ lives, the local economy and better for our earth.” He notes that Ihwa village and Jangsu village are not only famous to tourists but also classic examples of urban regeneration. The journey is far from over. Later this year, Seoul is opening its Seoul recycling plaza, a hub for recycling, which will house a recycling exhibition hall and a used or ‘up-cycled’ goods mall for citizens to experience the direct benefit that the circular economy can bring. Whether Park will still be mayor to continue that journey or whether he will be starting a new adventure as leader of the nation will be a decision for the people of South Korea. Park wouldn’t want it any other way.
  • [Seoul's News_Transparency] Anti-corruption Policy to Realize Transparency in Se..
    등록일 2017-03-16 글쓴이 ssunha 조회수 3 READS
    Anti-corruption Policy to Realize Transparency in Seoul The Seoul Metropolitan Government (SMG) will establish and implement the 2017 Anti-corruption and Transparency Policy Promotion Plan consisting of four strategies (① Continued promotion of innovative measures to reform public offices, ② Reinforcement of the corruption prevention system, ③ Expansion of support for a transparent culture within organizations, ④ Utilization of the private governance) and 15 core tasks in order to realize a clean city where the public office culture is clean and transparent and the anti-corruption policy interacts with the citizens. < Continued implementation of the Park Won Soon Act and operation of the compliance of transparency > The SMG will stabilize the anti-corruption system and establish an effective system by continuing to strictly and uniformly implement the ‘Park Won Soon Act (Reform measures of the public offices in Seoul),’ which penalizes bribery of any kind regardless of its connection to work in 2017. The paradigm will shift from ‘Regulations and Punishments’ to ‘Joint implementation of Self-regulation, Prevention, Communication, and Governance.’ To that end, strict regulations will be sustained while ‘passive administration’ will cease to exist, to establish a transparent culture based on voluntary participation, responsibility, communication, and trust. < Reinforce the anti-corruption system to prevent corruption and realize a just administration > The SMG set up a Public Interest Report Investigation T/F team (Jan. 16, 2017) and reinforced post monitoring to ensure the rights of citizens and public officers who hesitate to make reports on the behalf of the public interest even after bearing witness to internal corruption and injustice and strengthen support, both legal and financial , for them. The Cheongbaek-e (integrated real-time monitoring) system is the core project of the internal self-regulation system. It will connect with the five administrative information systems of local governments to act as an auditor that prevents accidents by sending automatic warnings to managers, supervisors, and auditors when an administrative error or corruption occurs. The SMG will also root out corrupt practices such as receiving bribes through concentrated auditing and reinforced inspection of corruption-prone areas such as private consignment and subsidy projects (713 projects with a total revenue of KRW 2.4 trillion.) < Expansion of support for transparent culture within organizations through operation of the “Transparency Supporters” > On January 16, 2017, the SMG set up the Transparent Policy T/F Team within the Audit Office under the Audit and Inspection Commission which is dedicated to the effective promotion of the anti-corruption policy and the internalization of the transparent culture. The SMG seeks to continue to reform the mindset of public officers and cultivate the ethical awareness of public officers through implementation of companywide ‘Mandatory transparency education’ and ‘Customized transparency education.’ Starting in March 2017, the SMG will also designate and operate the Transparency Supporters, which will audit transparency in each department, in order to promote employee interest in transparency and establish a communication network across the organization. < Operation of the Citizen Transparency Monitors and utilization of private governance > The SMG plans to establish a social consensus for the formation of a transparent city by operating a Citizen Monitoring Group where the people take charge. The group will carry out transparency monitoring such as proposal of transparent ideas, promotion of transparency policies, discovery of corruption-prone areas in the administration, request for system improvement, and improvement of blind spots where the public administration had not been able to reach until now. The SMG will receive proposals on how to enhance transparency in Seoul (January 20 – March 10, 2017) through the Transparent Policy Idea Contest (Asking 10 million Seoulites the way to make Seoul City Transparent) to realize a transparent administration that is trusted by the people and communicates with the people. It will also promote the establishment of a transparency policy that interacts with the people and improve the rate of transparency by gathering ways to improve transparency from the members of the Seoul Transparency Policy Advisory Board consisting of anti-corruption experts in academia and local communities and collect ideas from SMG employees as well.
  • [Seoul's News_Urban Regeneration] Sewoon Shopping Center Leads the 4th Industria..
    등록일 2017-03-16 글쓴이 ssunha 조회수 5 READS
    Sewoon Shopping Center Leads the 4th Industrial Revolution The 440,000m2 area around Sewoon Shopping Center that houses approximately 1,600 businesses will go through a transformation under the “Dasi (Again) Sewoon Project.” Through cooperation beyond the existing convergence between industries and new technologies, the area will be developed into a strategic hub to lead the fourth industrial revolution that centers on the manufacturing industry. The area around Sewoon Shopping Center (seven buildings lined up extending for a total of 1km (Jongno – Toegyero)) is occupied with Korea’s first mixed-use buildings which were constructed in the 1960s. Having led the development of electronic and electrical industries in the 1970s – 1980s, this area has been in the doldrums ever since. The main core of this project is for the Seoul Metropolitan Government (SMG) to develop a “platform for the fourth industrial revolution” so that young startups can apply the techniques of master craftsmen to fourth industrial technologies like IoT to experiment, develop, manufacture and commercialize products. In 2017, hub spaces to lead such activities will open in three steps. In March, construction will be completed for a space to accommodate four strategic institutes to incubate, educate and support manufacturing activities of startups. In May, construction will be completed for a space for creative development of young startups. Later, in August, construction will be completed for cultural facilities for citizens and a public pedestrian bridge. Gradual development will be promoted for the 171 zones of “Sewoon Redevelopment Promotion District” located on both sides of Sewoon Shopping Center including “Sewoon Zone 4,” of which construction has been delayed for over a decade due to a dispute over building height regulations. In Sewoon Zone 4, commercial facilities including hotels, offices and studio apartments will be built on land with a gross area of 280,000m2 surrounding a large square, while creating harmony with preexisting buildings such as Jongmyo. As such, the Sewoon Shopping Center district will evolve into a “Maker City” where manufacturing, production and marketing as well as residential, commercial and cultural spaces are integrated, centering on the creative manufacturing industry. The Dasi Sewoon Project will be carried out in three steps. Step 1 (March) is to develop spaces for strategic institutes (infrastructure/support), step 2 (May) is to develop spaces for young startups and makers (creativity/development) and step 3 (Aug.) is to develop cultural spaces for citizens (pedestrian/cultural). First, on March 2 (Thu.), two spaces opened to accommodate the four strategic institutions (University of Seoul, Seoul Metropolitan City Social Economy Support Center, Seed:s and Fab Lab Seoul) invited by the SMG to support the incubation and growth of young startups and makers. A space to incubate young business startups will open on the third floor of Asia Electronics Mall (approx. 630m2), which has been vacant for a long period of time. In addition, a workshop for manufacturing and carrying out creative activities will be developed in the boiler room (approx. 165m2) on the basement of Sewoon Shopping Center, a space that embodies the rich history of Sewoon Shopping Center. University of Seoul City Campus, which focuses on the education of technologies and business incubation, will operate lecture rooms in the two locations and the Seoul Metropolitan City Social Economy Support Center will open as well to provide full support to social economic organizations in the fields of technology and manufacturing. Second, in May, 29 business incubation spaces named “Sewoon Makers’ Cube” will open alongside the pedestrian deck (Sewoon – Daerim Shopping Mall), which is currently under construction. Startups will use these spaces to carry out creative development activities including the development of drones and smart medical devices. Third, in August, cultural facilities to connect these spaces and the outside will be completed to receive citizens. A rest area with an observatory (Sewoon Rooftop) will be built on the rooftop of Sewoon Shopping Center to offer an uninterrupted view of Namsan Mountain and Jongmyo. In addition, the public pedestrian bridge (Sewoon – Cheonggye Shopping Mall), which was demolished due to the Cheonggyecheon Stream restoration project, will be reconstructed as the Sewoon Pedestrian Bridge. The Sewoon Greenway Park will be transformed into a square and, on the basement level, the first exhibition hall in Hanyangdoseong, or the area inside Seoul City Wall, will open to exhibit historical artifacts and a government office site from the mid-Joseon Dynasty excavated during construction work. In line with the vitalization of the creative manufacturing industry, which originated in the Sewoon Shopping Center district, the 171 zones of “Sewoon Redevelopment Promotion District” will carry out projects by each unit and act as one of the pillars of “Maker City,” which integrates industrial, residential and cultural facilities. In 2014, the SMG finalized a redevelopment promotion plan to keep Sewoon Shopping Center District and separately develop the surrounding areas instead in small and medium scales (171 zones) in order to keep the historic value of the city and improve project feasibility and has been promoting this plan ever since. The SMG plans to complete the reviewing and licensing procedures by the end of 2017 and commence and complete construction by 2021 and 2023, respectively.   Aerial View
  • [Seoul's News_Traffic] Seoul to Become More Pedestrian-friendly
    등록일 2017-03-16 글쓴이 ssunha 조회수 8 READS
    Seoul to Become More Pedestrian-friendly The Seoul Metropolitan Government announced the 2017 Crosswalk Improvement and Expansion Plan. ‘ㄴ’ or ‘ㄷ’ shaped crosswalks in downtown Seoul will be replaced by all-directional crosswalks and diagonal crossings will be installed at crosswalks with heavy passenger flow as well as those that require two or more crossings in the direction of ‘↱’ or ‘↰’.Furthermore, additional crossings will be installed between crosswalks that are too sparsely located or narrow roads with a heavy passenger volume in order to decrease jaywalking. Additionally, bright lights that illuminate crosswalks and safety features such as ‘Left View Light’ and ‘Yellow Carpet’ will be added to crosswalks near accident-prone areas and customized pedestrian training will be provided to vulnerable traffic users. Sejong-daero next to Seoul City Hall In front of Hwangudan (Seoul Plaza)  


  • [VOD_National Geography] Timelapse: South Korea’s Stunning Seoul
    등록일 2017-03-16 글쓴이 ssunha 조회수 6 READS
  • [UN report] Water Development_Waste water management
    등록일 2017-03-23 글쓴이 ssunha 조회수 4 READS
  • [SI Report] The Seoul Institute Annual Research Digest 2016
    등록일 2017-03-16 글쓴이 ssunha 조회수 9 READS
    The Seoul Institute Annual Research Digest 2016   Contents  Editor’s Note 01 Transportation Planning 02 The Economy 03 Culture & Tourism 04 Social Issues 05 Urban Planning 06 Environmental Planning
  • [KSP Modularization] Nanjido Eco Park Restoration from Waste Dumping Site_2014
    등록일 2017-02-28 글쓴이 ssunha 조회수 6 READS
    Nanjido Eco Park Restoration from Waste Dumping Site_2014 Source: KSP Publication (Click Here) Summary Nanjido was a small island where orchids and gromwell grew along with various seasonal flowers. However, in March 1978, Nanjido was changed into a garbage dumping site for the city of Seoul, the capital of Korea. Korea did not employ any modern landfill techniques to treat the gas and leachate generated by landfills during the 1970s. The dump site was used for 15 years without even covering the garbage with soil. Finally, after the trash had built up into two 100m-high garbage heaps, its use as a waste dumping site was discontinued in March 1993. In the meanwhile, the surrounding area became home to the socially vulnerable people living next to the dump.   Korea’s first waste management regulation was the Waste Cleaning Act in 1961; the Environmental Preservation Act for industrial waste was enacted in 1977. Household wastes and industrial wastes were dealt with by the same law after enactment of the Waste Management Act in 1987. Six years remained before closure of the Nanjido dump and unfortunately Nanjido still received wastes of the city of Seoul without having proper regulations.   Though late, the Seoul municipality finally began environmental pollution prevention projects to stop the environmental deterioration caused by the dump and established an eco park (called the World Cup Park later) on top of it. The World Cup Park is becoming more and more ecologically healthy as time passes. It has become an attraction of Seoul that many people visit all year round and is also a good example for foreigners of contemporary environmental restoration techniques.   The purpose of this report is to introduce systematically the establishment procedures and management methods of the World Cup Park that was transformed into an eco park from a waste dumping site, to help policy-makers to understand them easily, and to share experiences of Seoul with foreign countries. It is expected to be especially of help to city governments contemplating the use of suburban areas as waste landfills or securing green spaces for residents.   The report consists of the Goals and Achievements of Establishing Eco Parks (Part 1), Background and Need for Establishment of Eco Parks (Part 2), Implementation Strategy and System (Part 3), Details and Progress (Part 4), Success Factors (Part 5), and Implications for Developing Countries (Part 6).   Chapter 1 Goals and Achievements Related to Establishing Eco Parks 1. Goals and Achievements at the Time of Establishing the Park 1.1. Goal at the Time of Establishing the Park 1.2. Achievement of Park Establishment Compared to Its Goal 2. Social and Environmental Effects 2.1. Accommodation of Leisure Activities 2.2. Increase of Park Resources in Seoul Chapter 2 Background and Need for Establishment of Eco Parks 1. Surrounding Conditions at Establishment of Eco Park 1.1. Nanjido Waste Dumping Site and Seoul’s Waste Management 1.2. Seoul and Korea’s Situation when Establishing the Park 2. Key Motivation for Establishing an Eco Park 2.1. After-Closure Care of the Dump Site 2.2. Hosting an Environment-friendly World Cup 2.3. Execution of Core Projects of the Citizens’ Elected Mayor 2.4. Foreign Cases Referred Chapter 3 Strategy and System 1. Connection of Regional Development and Preparations for the 2002 World Cup 1.1. Landfill Stabilization Work 1.2. Park Construction 2. Project Organization and Decision-Making 2.1. Project Organization 2.2. Decision-Making 3. Procurement of Financial Resources Chapter 4 Details and Progress 1. The Dump Site Stabilization Work 1.1. Overview  1.2. Leachate Treatment 1.3. Landfill Gas Treatment 1.4. Landfill Surface Levelling and Covering 1.5. Slope Stabilization 1.6. Monitoring Facility 1.7. Environmental Plans for Areas Outside of Landfill Stabilization Work 2. Establishment of the Eco Park  2.1. Eco Park Establishment Overview 2.2. Pyeonghwa Park 2.3. Haneul Park 2.4. Noeul Park 2.5. Nanjicheon Park 2.6. Nanji Han River Park Chapter 5 Success Factor Analysis 1. Contributing Factors to Establishment of World Cup Park 1.1. Deferment of Commercial Development for Environmental Management of the Waste Dumping Site 1.2. Ties with Urban Planning and 2002 World Cup 1.3. Self-Recovery of Ecological Functions through Connection to Surrounding Eco-corridors 1.4. Continuous Improvements of Wildlife Habitat Environment 1.5. Various Traffic Networks Providing Easy Public Access 1.6. World Cup Park Management in Partnership with Citizens 2. Shortcomings 2.1. Disputes Over Establishment of Noeul Park Public Golf Course Chapter 6 Implications for Developing Countries 1. Lessons Learned from the Project 1.1. Landfills: Thorough Care Necessary, Even after Closure 1.2. Turning Landfills into Parks: Another Opportunity for Urban Restoration 1.3. A Park Ecosystem that Grows on Its Own 1.4. Communication and Cooperation with the Citizens 2. Possibility of Applications in Developing Countries 2.1. Landfills, Future Assets of a City 2.2. Appropriate Environmental Management Method for Unsanitary Landfill 2.3. Provision of new Living Accommodations for Socially Vulnerable People 2.4. Use of Landfill Gas for District Heating 2.5. A Home for Ecology Restoration Education 2.6. Renewal of Landfill Management System References
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  • MITI – Metropolis International Training Institute

The main mission of the Metropolis International Training Institute (MITI) is to strengthen the institutional and professional capacities of local and metropolitan authorities and their leaders for better public governance.

The Metropolis International Training Institute (MITI) is the training and learning center of Metropolis, established in 1996.Today, MITI counts on headquarters located in Seoul, and four regional centers: Cairo, Mashhad, Mexico City and Paris (Île-de-France). Formerly located in Montreal, the headquarters have been transferred to Seoul after a decision taken at the Metropolis Board of Directors’ meeting in Guangzhou, in 2012.

With its relaunch in Seoul, MITI enters a new era of knowledge dissemination, with the boosted activation of its regional centers. MITI will spare no efforts to operate training programs in line with other Metropolis activities, for all members of the Association, and also for its institutional partners and affiliated cities.
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  • 공유도시(Sharing City) 서울은?

시간, 공간, 재능, 물건, 정보 등 누구나 소유하고 있는 것을 함께 나누어 활용함으로써 쓰지 않고 놀리는 자원을 효율적으로 활용하고, 지역경제를 활성화하며, 이웃과 공동체 의식도 형성하고, 환경에도 이로운 활동인 '공유'가 활성화된 도시입니다.

'공유도시 서울' 정책을 추진하게 된 이유는?

복지, 환경, 일자리 등에서 사회적 수요는 급증하고 있으나 한정된 예산과 자원으로 이를 해결하는데 많은 어려움이 있습니다. 또한 급격한 도시화로 공동체 의식이 실종되었고, 과잉소비에 따른 자원고갈과 환경오염 문제가 지속적으로 발생하고 있습니다.
이러한 해결이 어려운 도시의 경제적, 사회적, 환경적 문제들을 '공유'라는 새로운 방법을 통해 완화시켜 나가고자 합니다.