• [Sri Lanka_The Sunday Times] Garbage crisis: Seoul searched and found a solution..
    등록일 2017-08-30 글쓴이 ssunha 조회수 4 READS
    Garbage crisis: Seoul searched and found a solution By Namini Wijedasa See the Original(Click Here) Parks, playgrounds and golf courses emerge from what were once garbage dumps - Power generation from waste; ten percent of profits for area residents' welfare Perched atop a hillock in Seoul, Korea, is the picturesque Sunset Park. It is resplendent in spring, with glorious bursts of flowers and foliage. Winter brings with it a peaceful serenity while families with children teem there in summer to camp on its grassy plains, play rounds of golf or catch butterflies. There is even an orchard, a vegetable plot and an herb garden. <Description of this picture: Camping at Sunset Park> It defies belief that this was once a landfill into which 92 million tonnes of garbage was dumped over a 15-year period. The slopes that sightseers stroll on are made entirely of rubbish. And here and there, methane pipes still rise from the ground while the area is constantly monitored as the garbage settles further with time. Sunset Park–or ‘Neoul Park’ in Korean–is one of five that make up the World Cup Park in Sangamdong-gil, Seoul. They are arranged around the World Cup Stadium and were opened in May 2002, in time for the 17th FIFA World Cup hosted by Japan and Korea. This place was called Nanjido Island. It wasn’t always so scenic. The landfill, which opened in 1978 and closed in 1993, stretched for 2.4 kilometres and was 98 metres tall. According to Korean urban planners, the absence of waste disposal sites led Nanjido to be turned into Seoul’s official dumpsite as it was easily accessible. “Since this point, the once beautiful island with promising outlook slowly turned into land of death,” says Seoul Solution, a Seoul Metropolitan Government website. “From March 1978, trash began to be filled here, and in 1998, 28,877 tonnes of garbage was gushed out to the landfill site every day.” This went on till November 1992. Serious environmental problems arose. Nanjido turned into a stinking mess that emitted harmful gases and effluents. The nearby Han River was badly affected while the air quality and ecosystem took a severe battering. So the Government devised a plan to transform the area into parks with views of Seoul. This was a long-term, painstaking project that involved land stabilisation, topsoil levelling and soil recovery, leachate treatment, recycling of landfill gas and slope stabilisation. The project took many years to reach fruition and the results today are striking. Some distance away is Incheon, a sprawling metropolis within which is located the world’s largest landfill site. The proposal here is to turn the massive dump, once it reaches maximum capacity, into a “Dream Park”. The whole operation is carried out by the Sudokwon Landfill Site Management Corporation (SLC) which, incidentally, helped Sri Lanka to build the Dompe sanitary landfill which was implemented with Korean International Cooperation Agency (KOICA) aid. That is just two hectares in extent. Sudokwon is 1,540 hectares. When Nanjido was shut down, it was to this area that the Government shifted the waste of millions of inhabitants of Seoul. The local resistance to the plan is well-documented. Residents were fearful of air and water pollution, among other things. The authorities set up committees to allay their fears, opening the site up to inspections and monitoring by residents. After land-filling started, an operations committee was established along with a community support fund to improve the environment and quality of life in surrounding areas. Depositing of garbage kicked off in 1992. There was a learning process which led, today, to better methods of managing leachate, odour and other forms of pollution. The Government took a lead in most areas, even promulgating a law to set up the SLC as a public-private management body in 2000. <Description of this picture: A layer of soil is applied every day over the garbage> Operations were centralised to avoid overlap and poor coordination among the metropolitan Governments of metropolitan area of Seoul, Incheon, and Gyeonggi-do. This way, waste management and civil complaints could be addressed in a harmonised manner. Without strong State backing, the project would not have been possible, authorities said. Today, the adverse effects on the environment of the Sudkwon landfill are greatly reduced through sophisticated leachate and waste treatment techniques, says Hee Mun Lee, Deputy General Manager of SLC’s Climate Change Business Division. Mr Hee worked on the Dompe landfill site in Sri Lanka. Methane gas from buried garbage is used to generate energy which powers a turbine to generate electricity for the landfill site. This is now making profit. Less lucrative is an ongoing initiative to turn garbage into combustible pellets which SLC then hopes to sell to private power generation firms. However, it is being continued as part of research and development. (Ten percent of all profits generated from operations at Sudokwon go towards the welfare of area residents). At the same time as developing the Sudokwon site, the Government introduced a volume-based waste disposal fee which saw Koreans paying for the amount of waste they originated. Households and commercial entities have to buy designated bags to throw away their rubbish. Collection of recyclable waste is free. This caused a drop in the volume of garbage generated. It was then decided to extend the lifetime of the Sudokwon site much beyond 2016, when it had been expected to reach capacity. This caused another spurt of protests from people who had expected the dumping to end on schedule. The dispute was recently resolved after it was agreed to hand ownership of the land to Incheon Metropolitan Government. Today, rubbish is transported to the landfill site everyday in covered green trucks. Each time a layer of it is dumped, it is flattened by dozers and 0.2 metres of soil is laid on top of it. This happens every day and within five hours to prevent waste from dispersing, pests and foul odour from spreading and rainwater penetration. The naturally-produced landfill gas (methane concentration of about 50%) is collected and transferred to a 50 megawatt power plant to simultaneously generate electricity and prevent foul odour. A cut-off wall on the bottom of landfill site prevents groundwater contamination and the leachate collected there goes to a treatment facility. Rainwater is removed through drains. Sterilizers and deodorizers are sprayed out while landfill waste treatment is underway. This includes smoke screen disinfection, road deodorization, upper-air deodorization and the sprinkling of water in surrounding areas. The Sudokwon site has four sections. The first reached capacity and was closed in 2000. The second is receiving waste while the third is under preparation. The ultimate plan is to rehabilitate the whole area into Korea’s biggest eco-friendly park called ‘Dream Park’. The transformation is complete in the first section. Not only does it have a wildflower complex and a wetland observation zone, it boasts a soccer field, a basketball stadium and tennis courts and, of course, a public golf course. (The writer’s visit was sponsored by the Korean Culture and Information Service to mark the 40th anniversary of diplomatic relations between Korea  and Sri Lanka) <Covered garbage trucks arriving at the Sudokwon landfill site> <Mr Hee, pointing to a model of the world's largest landfill site> <The vegetable and herb garden at Sunset Park> <View of Seoul from Sunset Park> (Source:
  • [Iran_PressTV] Seoul transforms oil depot to heritage space
    등록일 2017-10-18 글쓴이 ssunha 조회수 1 READS
    Seoul transforms oil depot to heritage space Frank Smith, Press TV, Seoul/ Mon Oct 16, 2017 06:47AM   See the Original (Click Here) The South Korean capital has transformed a massive oil storage facility into a park and cultural space. The site will host cultural events and exhibitions, while offering unique options for Seoul residents to enjoy their leisure time. Press TV’s Frank Smith has the details
  • [UK_Quartz] Time-stretched Koreans are turning to fast healing to fix their mind..
    등록일 2017-10-10 글쓴이 ssunha 조회수 4 READS
    Time-stretched Koreans are turning to “fast healing” to fix their minds and bodies Quartz October 2, 2017 Seoul, South Korea See the Original(Click Here) All the napping pods were already full shortly after noon at one nap cafe in Seoul’s business district of Gangnam on a recent weekday. Some customers, recharged from their naps, hung out in a common area equipped with bean bags, board games, and acoustic guitars while sipping iced coffee. Jung Woon-mo, 59, opened Shim Story-which calls itself a “public convenience lounge”-in 2015, when he realized that stressed out and exhausted Koreans had few public parks or other resting areas to go to during their lunch hours in the capital. Customers, who also include tired students looking for some downtime before going to tutoring sessions, pay 7,000 won ($6.20) to nap for an hour with a drink included. A napping pod in Shim Story. The growing popularity of nap cafes in the country is part of a growing industry known as “fast healing,” as tired but time-poor Koreans look for quick fixes to soothe not only their bodies, but also their minds. It’s an industry that encompasses everything from massage chairs to yoga to mattresses-the word “sleeponomics” is used to describe the rapidly growing industry servicing Korea’s sleep deprived. A “healing fair” (link in Korean) held earlier this year in Seoul had over 300 booths selling “healing” products, as well as activities including group yoga, ornament-making classes, and seminars, including one titled “The solution to brain fatigue that makes a happy life.” Office workers are so desperate for some shut-eye that one cinema in Yeouido, a business district in Seoul, was offering a nap service called “Siesta” (link in Korean) during lunch hours, priced at 10,000 won ($8.80) for an hour and a half. Getting more rest has been part of president Moon Jae-in’s message. He promised to take all of his allotted 21 days of paid leave this year to set a good example for people-though he didn’t seem to set a very good example of work-life balance, as his first trip was to the city of Pyeongchang, where the winter Olympics will be held next year, in order to draw more attention to the venue. A massage chair in Cool Jam. An OECD ranking of 39 countries for 2016 put South Korea in the No. 3 spot for working hours (after Mexico and Cost Rica), with an average annual number of 2,069 hours. A recent survey found that almost half of Korean workers have less than five days of vacation a year. Moon has pledged to reduce working hours to about 1,800 hours a year, partly in order to increase jobs. Working hours went down after Korea began shifting from a six-day to a five-day work week over a decade ago but that trend has stalled, and one in five employees still works more than 54 hours a week. To give Koreans more R&R time, the government designated Oct. 2 (Monday) as a one-off temporary holiday this year. That day bridges the major Chuseok holiday, which falls towards the end of next week, as well as National Foundation Day and Hangul Day (which celebrates Korea’s writing system), giving Koreans the period between Sept. 30 and Oct. 9 off. Tensions on the Korean peninsula were another reason for the break-the president said that he hopes that amid a “grave security situation,” “the holiday will serve as a time of rest and comfort for the public.” It’s also a way to boost the sluggish economy, in particular the hospitality sector, which has suffered from a severe Chinese boycott over geopolitical tensions. Moon himself, his aides noted, is dealing with North Korean tensions in a “measured manner” by taking his dog out for a walk in the mountains one weekend this month. Some Koreans, though, are using the long break to study even more. A number of hagwon, or the ubiquitous tutoring schools attended by many Korean students, are offering special classes over the holiday, according to local media reports, ahead of middle school mid-terms, and the all-important college entrance exam in November. And even those who try to rest don’t seem to know how to do it. At another nap cafe in Gangnam called Cool Jam, customers lie on reclining massage chairs in pods separated by curtains, and can also order beers. Bae Bum-chan, 45, who operates the lounge, said there was one major reason why despite the amenities on offer, many Koreans are still unable to switch off: “A lot of people lie on the chairs looking at their phones.” Vincent Choi contributed reporting. This article was originally published in Quartz. ( Relate articles: (The Korea Times)Nap cafes flourish in sleep-deprived Korea (Yonhap Feature) Sleepless nights give rise to new booming industry in Korea
  • [UK_Reuters]_Bike-sharing takes off among youths in major Asian cities:Survey
    등록일 2017-10-10 글쓴이 ssunha 조회수 2 READS
    Bike-sharing takes off among youths in major Asian cities:Survey Writers: Florence Tan, Jessica Jaganathan   See the Original (Click Here) <Description of this photo: Ofo bike-sharing bicycles are pictured in Singapore August 29, 2017. REUTERS/Edgar Su/Files>   SINGAPORE (Reuters) - Orange, yellow and other brightly colored bikes have been popping up in cities across Asia, surprising residents and frequent visitors with their sudden ubiquity outside train stations and condo gates over the last two years. The bikes, which users can rent for around S$1 ($0.74) an hour or less via mobile phone apps, are meant to complete the last kilometer or more of a journey, and are also being used for outings in urban parks and trips to the supermarket. The two biggest bike-share operators, China-owned Ofo and Mobike, plan to be in more than 200 cities by end-2017 and end-2018, respectively. They will have a combined total of nearly 30 million bikes in operation by the end of this year, having together attracted more than $2 billion in funding. “We will consider expanding into any city where our smart bike solution can address local transportation needs and where we have ... support from local officials,” said Florian Bohnert, head of global partnerships at Mobike. In an informal survey by Thomson Reuters across Beijing, Shanghai, Seoul, Taipei and Singapore, 60 bike-share users talked about how the services had changed their travel patterns. Eighteen percent of survey respondents - 11 out of 60 - said they were using the bikes instead of taking cars, taxis or motorcycles, a sign that some are moving away from carbon-intensive vehicles. The other 82 percent would have walked or taken public transport, the survey showed. Among the five cities, users in Beijing were the most committed, with six out of 15 respondents riding shared bikes daily, and the other nine using the bikes several times a week. In Shanghai, five out of 10 people surveyed used a shared bike daily or several times a week. Most of the respondents were males in the 20-40 age group. About half of the respondents used the bikes to commute to work or school. Singapore had the highest percentage of people who changed from a private car or taxi to a bicycle. Taipei came in second, and Beijing and Shanghai tied for third. All the respondents in Seoul switched from public transport or walking to the app-leased bikes, although the city-backed service there used docking stations instead of free-range bikes. “It’s super cheap and convenient and there are stations everywhere. It’s easy to use and it’s a bit of exercise too,” said office worker Park Yongwon, 30, who cycled 1,000 km in the past year. Reporting by Jessica Jaganathan and Florence Tan in SINGAPORE; Additional reporting by Jane Chung, Yuna Park and Heekyong Yang in SEOUL, Jessica Macy Yu and Faith Hung in TAIPEI, and the BEIJING and SHANGHAI newsrooms; Editing by Tom Hogue Our Standards:The Thomson Reuters Trust Principles. Article Source:


  • [UK-EIU] Safe Cities Index 2017: Seoul ranked 14th among 60 cities around the wo..
    등록일 2017-10-16 글쓴이 ssunha 조회수 4 READS
    Safe Cities Index 2017: Security in a rapidly urbanising world The paper analyses the results of the 2017 index, both overall and by each of the four categories: digital security, health security, infrastructure security, and personal security. Additional insight into the index results and urban safety, more generally, was gained through interviews with experts. About the report(Read More Click Here) The Safe Cities Index 2017 is a report from The Economist Intelligence Unit sponsored by NEC. The report is based on the second iteration of the index, which ranks 60 cities across 49 indicators covering digital security, health security, infrastructure security and personal security. The index was devised and constructed by Chris Clague, Stefano Scuratti and Ruth Chiah. The report was written by Sarah Murray and edited by Chris Clague. Findings from the index were supplemented with wide-ranging research and in-depth interviews with experts in the field. Our thanks are due to the following people (listed alphabetically by surname) for their time and insights: <Description: In overall result, Seoul ranked 14th among 60 cities around the world, and ranked 5th in Health Security> (Source:
  • [SI Report] Seoul Labor Policy_ Restoring Labor to its Proper Place in Society
    등록일 2017-10-17 글쓴이 ssunha 조회수 1 READS
    Summary Investment in labor issues is investment in people and their future Let us strive for a society in which hard work is respected and hardworking people are happy I sincerely hope that the SMG’s labor policy initiatives, such as reduced work hours, living allowances for young jobseekers, emotional labor regulations, and employee representatives, will shape and lead the public discourse on labor issues in Korea. Sustainable and successful labor policy measures can come about only through a society-wide structure of discourse in which diverse stakeholders can participate. An ideal government not only enacts and implements good policies for citizens, but should also seek and garner citizens’ consensus by setting a good example itself. Seoul has now set out to transform into a society where workers are respected and appreciated. The prospects of this endeavor will only become stronger and brighter when the SMG listens attentively to the diverse voices and concerns of the civil society at large. - Introduction   List of Contents Chapter I. Respect for Labor : Workers’ Rights in Seoul Today Chapter II. Protection of the Rights of Part-Time Workers and the Allowances for Young Jobseekers Chapter III. Transformation of Seoul: According Due Respect to Labor Chapter IV. Protecting Labor at the Local Level: Centers for Workers Chapter V. Seeking Answers in the SMG’s Labor Policy About the Writer Jong-Jin Kim A former sociology major at the Catholic University of Korea and Sungkonghoe University, Kim has been working as a researcher at the Korea Labour & Society Institute(KLSI) since 2003. Kim’s publications to date include Working People in the Age of Polarization, Neither Presidents Nor Workers, Work Shifts and Working Hours, On Emotional Labor in the Service Sector, Contractor-Subcontractor and Labor-Management Relations in the Service Sector, among others. Kim’s topics of research include the service sector, non-regular workers, young and part-time workers, and other groups vulnerable to unfairness at work, as well as working hours, emotional labor, and the labor policies of local governments.
  • [SI Report] Role of Governance in Urban Transformation of Seoul_Chang Yi (2017)
    등록일 2017-08-21 글쓴이 ssunha 조회수 12 READS
    Role of Governance in Urban Transformation of Seoul Lists of Contents 01 Urban Transformation of Seoul 02 Cheonggyecheon Stream Restoration Project 03 Dongdaemun Area Regeneration with the Dongdaemun 04 Yonsei-ro Transit Mall 05 2030 Seoul Plan Closing Remarks References
  • [SI Report] The Seoul Institute Research Abstracts 2016_Chang Yi (2016)
    등록일 2017-08-17 글쓴이 ssunha 조회수 6 READS
    The Seoul Institute Research Abstracts 2016 Urban Planning Background A Study on Rezoning Urban Centers by the 2030 Seoul Plan A Planning Monitoring Study on the Community Plan of Seou A Study on the Changing Housing Market and Policy Implications in Seoul A Study of the Seoul Residential Environment Management Projects for Sustainable Management of Low-Rise Residential Areas Understanding Urban Planning in the City of Pyongyang Transportation Planning Background Analysis of Seoul Citizen’s Vehicle Ownership and User Characteristics Seoul Subway Congestion Costs and Policy Implications Strategies for Improving the Quasi-Public Bus Operating System of the Seoul Metropolitan Government Improvements of Travel Survey and Statistical Indicators for Walk Trips Traffic Operation Strategy to Improve Pedestrian Safety at Signalized Intersections Establishment of an Annual Reporting Framework for Seoul Transport Complaints Role of Transportation Planning for Urban Regeneration Projects in Seoul The Road Subsidence Conditions and Safety Improvement Plans in Seoul Strategic Plan for Developing Da Nang Metropolitan Region Environmental Planning Background Environmentally Friendly Urban Management Using Biotope Map A Study on Functional Improvement and Management for Streamlets in Seoul A Study on the Plans to Establish Standards for Setting Priorities of Compensation for Unexecuted Urban Planning Facilities Infrastructure in Green Tract of Land Policy Options to Manage High-pollution On-road Diesel Vehicles Based on Excessive Emission Grades in Seoul A Study on the Utilization of Emergency Generators as a Backup Power System Urban Administration Background A Study about the Promotion Strategies of the Decentralization Agendas of the Seoul Declaration Study on the Estimation Method for the Subsidy Rate for National Subsidies in Social Welfare A Study on Defining and Allocating the Safety Budget in Seoul Searching for the Way to Establish the ‘Seoul-type Governance’ The Economy Background Research on Consumer Survey Index in Seoul Current State and Future Outlook of Geographical Concentrations of Small-sized Manufacturing Enterprises in Seoul A Study on Supporting the Living Goods Industry in Seoul, South Korea Analysis of the Food Service Sector in Seoul An Analysis about the Effects of the Seoul Metropolitan Government’s Procurement Policy for the Socially Disadvantaged Business Characteristics and Prospects of South Korea’s Inbound Tourism Markets Social Policy Background From Local Government to Citizen Initiative: A Search for Seoul’s Model of Self-Governance A Study on Characteristics and Regional Distribution of Seoul’s Cultural Resources A Study on the Support for Promoting the Youth Activities in Seoul A Study on Strategic Labour Policies of Seoul A Study on the Strategy of Labour Policy in Seoul A Study on the Operation and Roles of Labor Welfare Organizations in Seoul A Policy for Spread of Living Wage in Private Sectors
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  • MITI – Metropolis International Training Institute

The main mission of the Metropolis International Training Institute (MITI) is to strengthen the institutional and professional capacities of local and metropolitan authorities and their leaders for better public governance.

The Metropolis International Training Institute (MITI) is the training and learning center of Metropolis, established in 1996.Today, MITI counts on headquarters located in Seoul, and four regional centers: Cairo, Mashhad, Mexico City and Paris (Île-de-France). Formerly located in Montreal, the headquarters have been transferred to Seoul after a decision taken at the Metropolis Board of Directors’ meeting in Guangzhou, in 2012.

With its relaunch in Seoul, MITI enters a new era of knowledge dissemination, with the boosted activation of its regional centers. MITI will spare no efforts to operate training programs in line with other Metropolis activities, for all members of the Association, and also for its institutional partners and affiliated cities.
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  • 공유도시(Sharing City) 서울은?

시간, 공간, 재능, 물건, 정보 등 누구나 소유하고 있는 것을 함께 나누어 활용함으로써 쓰지 않고 놀리는 자원을 효율적으로 활용하고, 지역경제를 활성화하며, 이웃과 공동체 의식도 형성하고, 환경에도 이로운 활동인 '공유'가 활성화된 도시입니다.

'공유도시 서울' 정책을 추진하게 된 이유는?

복지, 환경, 일자리 등에서 사회적 수요는 급증하고 있으나 한정된 예산과 자원으로 이를 해결하는데 많은 어려움이 있습니다. 또한 급격한 도시화로 공동체 의식이 실종되었고, 과잉소비에 따른 자원고갈과 환경오염 문제가 지속적으로 발생하고 있습니다.
이러한 해결이 어려운 도시의 경제적, 사회적, 환경적 문제들을 '공유'라는 새로운 방법을 통해 완화시켜 나가고자 합니다.