• [UK_The Gardian] A garden bridge that works: how S..
    등록일 2017-05-22 글쓴이 ssunha 조회수 2 READS
    A garden bridge that works: how Seoul succeeded where London failed Seoul’s ambitious Skygarden revives a disused elevated 1970s highway with 24,000 plants – and is open to all, 24 hours a day. Friday 19 May 2017 23.21 BST Last modified on Sunday 21 May 2017 15.32 BST Stop me if you’ve heard this before. The ambitious mayor of a big city backs a project to put a garden on a bridge. A celebrated designer is appointed and seductive images released. It gets compared to the High Line in New York – that urban phenomenon envied as much by rival cities as the Eiffel Tower once was. It provokes controversy. This much the Skygarden in Seoul has in common with the Garden Bridge in London, but then their stories diverge. Where the London version has foundered, the Korean one will be opened this Saturday by mayor Park Won-soon, a former activist who built his career on opposing both corruption and the conservative establishment, and supporting human rights. Given the recent turmoil in South Korean politics, in which the former president has been deposed, imprisoned and is awaiting trial on corruption charges, the Skygarden will likely to be a symbol of the alternatives offered by the new president Moon Jae-in, and his ally mayor Park. There are significant differences in the conception and execution of the two projects. They vary in cost (about £40m for the Skygarden and £200m-plus for the Garden Bridge) and, where the London project has spent many years not happening, the Seoul one has taken two years to take shape since its Dutch architects, MVRDV, were appointed in 2015. Where the Garden Bridge would have been a cherry on the already rich cake that is the centre of London, the Skygarden aims to regenerate and connect places near the main railway station that have been fragmented by roads and railway tracks. The Skygarden, which will be open to all 24 hours a day, re-uses an existing structure – like the High Line – in the form of a 1970 motorway flyover that was no longer deemed safe for its original purpose. It is also part of a bigger set of ideas about taking a big, dense – sometimes ugly – city, one which was created without a great deal of concern for public space and pedestrian movement, and giving it qualities of walkability, neighbourliness, human scale and shared enjoyment of its places. To this end, the mayor has encouraged a range of public works and created the post of city architect to help make them happen.AdvertisementThe Skygarden is one of the more eye-catching examples of several initiatives promoted by the first holder of this job, Seung H-Sang, and his successor and ally Young Joon Kim.   Seoul resembles other cities of south-east Asia such as Tokyo and Shanghai in its scale and rapid post-war expansion, while major western cities like New York and London also experience comparable pressures of growth. If Seoul gets its programme right, it can set examples for other megacities to learn from. An inaugural Biennale of Architecture and Urbanism will be held this autumn to help get the message across. South Korea’s capital is an ancient city, with a beautiful natural backdrop of mountains, that was devastated in the 20th century by Japanese occupation and the Korean War. It was reconstructed on American-inspired lines, with multi-lane highways criss-crossing the city. Economic and population growth – it has about 10 million people compared with 1 million in 1950, although the increase has now levelled off – caused the spaces between to be filled in at levels of density that are nearly twice New York’s. It is a business-minded city, its desire for prosperity being sharpened by the traumas and poverty of its recent history, and the need to erect office blocks to serve its economy has usually taken precedence over architectural and urban finesse. The lower levels of buildings tend to be intensely colonised by commercial activity. At the same time, portions of historic fabric remain – such as the gardens of shrines and palaces and areas of hanoks, traditional houses often built around courtyards. In the crevices and spare spaces of what is a patchwork city, and one whose general shape was not precisely intended by anyone, the current generation of lively and enterprising Korean architects have inserted distinctive individual works. What it hasn’t had so much are the sort of interventions in public spaces that a European city like Barcelona has been implementing since the 1980s, or which New York has been pursuing for most of this century. Seoul’s fabric partly reflects the distribution of power in South Korea, where huge conglomerates, or chaebols, tend to take precedence over government. Institutions that in other countries might be provided by the state – art galleries, libraries – are often created by the likes of Samsung and Hyundai. This phenomenon can create some useful and fine buildings, but they often come with strings attached. A vinyl record library, for example, which is a good-looking building paid for by Hyundai Card, comes with special privileges and incentives for card holders. Another shiny and elegant building, which looks like a contemporary art museum, turns out to be a somewhat preposterous shrine to the Hyundai credit card, where you can see the precious objects being made and exhibits on their history. The mayor’s works programme aims to redress the balance. His successive chief architects have aimed to make the city more pedestrian-friendly and where possible to adapt the existing fabric rather than erase it in favour of grand new structures. “Revitalisation” rather than “reconstruction” is how Seung H-sang puts it. The city government is also considering the introduction of a congestion charge for the historic centre of the city. Other projects have included the renovation of Seunsangga (currently under way), a 1km-long 1960s shopping megastructure that became a centre of electronics businesses, built on land that had been cleared as a wartime firebreak. Most cities would have seen at as an eyesore, worn out and in need of total replacement, but Seung recognised that it was now part of the life and tissue of the city. The aim now is to encourage businesses of the fourth industrial revolution – robotics, 3D printing and so on – to move there. Seung also launched what he calls “the most important project in Seoul”, which is the conversion of 424 redundant local administrative offices into neighbourhood uses such as libraries, small theatres, concert halls and cafes. The budgets are small, requiring maximum invention from the usually young architects hired to work on them. The Skygarden – or Seoul-lo 7017 as it is also called in reference to the dates of the original structure, and of its reincarnation – is both a symbol and an instrument of the shift from car to foot. The original concrete structure has been strengthened, and lifts, stairs and escalators have been added where necessary to connect it to the ground. Bridges also connect to adjoining commercial buildings, who have to pay for the uplift in value. Other uses – cafes, performance spaces, a market – are scattered across the site. The old bridge and its surroundings are then brought to life by what Winy Maas of MVRDV calls a “library” of 24,000 plants, all indigenous species arranged according to the Korean alphabet. The types of plant then prompt arrangements and uses: pines suggest a forest, and jasmine “has a very obvious relationship to tea gardens”. Ginkos are “hyper bisexual” and arranged in a way that somehow reflects their orientation. Roses “turn out to be very theatrical”, so a theatre is placed among them. When the plants get too big they can be sold and replaced – and Maas says that in this way the library is also a “nursery”. The hard engineering, which he calls “brutal but also nice” is kept grey and neutral “in order to celebrate the richness of the plants”. “Fog machines” and shade will keep people cool in the hot summers. Maas says that the garden will be “human and friendly and green” in ways that might be thought typical of European city planning, but will also have a “science fiction element” that he sees as more Asian. “In Asia they want to dip their cities in this super-green feeling that comes from science fiction, from movies like Avatar,” he says, citing Singapore’s spectacular Gardens by the Bay. His designs bring out the intense colour contrasts of different species, and the Skygarden will be bathed at night in a rich, artificial blue light. It doesn’t look – and it doesn’t want to be – perfectly natural. Young Joon Kim, the current city architect who also worked as the coordinator of the Skygarden project, says that he is “very happy”. He acknowledges that not everyone is pleased about handing over road infrastructure to pedestrians – drivers of cars and commercial vehicles, for example – but says that “when you look at things over a longer period it’s clear that citizens have to have car-free zones. It’s not a kind of taste, it’s the way to go, like many other cities.” He acknowledges that some people think that the garden is “too artificial”, but “you cannot copy the natural landscape”, he says. Young Joon Kim is also delighted with the change of president, not least because national government controls adjoining property such as the railway station and the last administration had been awkward about collaborating. Minsuk Cho, a Seoul architect, agrees: “It’s all great here since the new president Moon and mayor Park have been very close allies, what the mayor has been doing despite of the previous oppositional government will, from now on, will get so much more support.” Mayor Park didn’t introduce the idea of public urban interventions – one of his predecessors restored the Cheonggyecheon waterway that had been covered by a highway and another commissioned the bombastic Dongdaemun Design Plaza, designed by Zaha Hadid architects. What differentiates the Skygarden and its allied projects is their ambition to grow out of the character and needs of contemporary Seoul. For similar reasons the Skygarden promises to be among the more convincing of all the many High Line wannabes in the world. Whether or not MVRDV’s designs prove to be too “artificial” huge crowds can be expected, along with global fame. It could be a garden bridge that works.
  • 서울형 도시재생: 서울역 고가 "서울로(Seoullo)"
    등록일 2017-05-19 글쓴이 ssunha 조회수 11 READS
  • [일본_NNA] 서울 상업시설지역 7.6% 증가, 균형 발전 지향
    등록일 2017-05-18 글쓴이 ssunha 조회수 7 READS
    서울 상업시설지역 7.6% 증가, 균형 발전 지향 - 서울시는 15일, 지역 균형 발전을 유도하기 위해 시내 상업 지역을 192㎡ 늘리겠다고 발표함. - 서울시가 발표한 ‘2030 서울시 생활권 계획안’에 따르면 상업 지역에서는 주거용적률을 일률적으로 400%로 상향 조정했으며, 주상복합건물의 비율은 70%에서 80%로 늘릴 계획 - 박원순 시장은 “지금까지 개발이 동남권에 집중되어 있었다”며 지역간 개발 격차를 줄여나갈 방침을 밝혔음 <NNA> Nihon Network Asia, 일본 최대통신사인 교도통신 산하 인터넷 뉴스 사이트
  • [영국_파이낸셜타임즈] 서울 주거: 미혼에게 주거 공간 마련
    등록일 2017-05-08 글쓴이 ssunha 조회수 9 READS
    서울 주거: 미혼에게 주거 공간 마련 원문보기(클릭) - 나이와 상관없이 1인가구가 급증하며, 서울의 주택 개발사들은 혼자 살기에 적합한 소형 주택을 늘리고 있음 - 90년대의 세대별 가족 수가 3.7명이었는데 비해, 지금은 2.5명으로 급감하면서, 최근에는 선호하는 주택의 크기도 소형화된 것으로 나타남 - 정부는 원룸 주택을 상업 공간이 아니라 주택 공간으로 분류하기 시작함 - 미혼인구 급증 현상은 전,월세 시장에도 변화를 가져왔는데, WeWork나 우주와 같은 셰어하우스는 전세 개념을 없애고, 월세를 중심으로 셰어 주택을 공급함

발간물 & 연구보고서

  • [상수도 홍보영상] 세계가 인정한 안전식품 "아리수" 국내 최초 ISO22000 획득
    등록일 2017-05-16 글쓴이 ssunha 조회수 6 READS
    세계가 인정한 안전식품 "아리수"국내 최초  ISO22000 획득
  • [서울연구원_연구보고서] 서울시 생활권계획 수립과정 모니터링_양재섭(2015)
    등록일 2017-05-16 글쓴이 ssunha 조회수 8 READS
    생활권계획은 공공·전문가·지역주민이 함께 수립하는 상향식 계획 서울시는 「2030 서울플랜(도시기본계획)」의 후속계획으로 생활권계획을 수립하고 있다. 생활권계획이란 「2030 서울플랜」을 권역 및 지역생활권별로 구체화하여 도시관리계획에 지침을 제시하는 중간단계계획으로, 주민참여를 통해 수립하는 상향식 계획이다. 국토교통부는 2014년 10월 도시·군기본계획 수립지침을 개정하여 도시 여건에 따라 ‘생활권계획’을 수립할 수 있도록 하였다. 생활권계획은 공간적으로 ‘권역계획’과 ‘지역생활권계획’으로 구성되며, 내용상으로는 ‘이슈별 계획’과 ‘공간계획’으로 이루어진다. 서울시는 생활권을 ‘5개 권역’과 ‘116개 지역생활권’으로 구분하고, 지역의 미래상과 발전방향을 제시하는 ‘이슈별 계획’과 도시관리지침을 제시하는 ‘공간계획’을 수립하고 있다. 생활권계획은 기존 계획과 달리 공공(서울시·자치구)·전문가·지역주민이 함께 수립하며, 주민들은 지역생활권계획 수립에 참여한다. 서울시는 지금까지 「권역별 발전계획」, 「권역별 르네상스」 등 권역단위로 계획을 수립한 경험은 있지만, 지역생활권처럼 작은 단위의 공간계획을 수립하는 것은 이번이 처음이다. 생활권계획은 주민들과 함께 수립하는 최초의 상향식 계획이라는 점에 의의가 있지만, 처음 수립하는 만큼 계획수립과정에서 시행착오가 나타나고 있다. 향후 생활권계획을 지속적으로 수립·운영하기 위해서는 계획수립과정을 모니터링하여 쟁점과 개선과제를 도출할 필요가 있다.
  • 아리수, 건강하고 맛있는 서울의 수돗물(Healthy & Tasty Seoul's Tap ..
    등록일 2017-05-16 글쓴이 ssunha 조회수 4 READS
    아리수, 건강하고 맛있는 서울의 수돗물(Healthy & Tasty Seoul's Tap Water, Arisu) 국내 최초로 ISO 22000 국제식품규격 인증을 획득한 아리수! 안전한 식품으로 세계에서 인정받은 아리수가 서울시민 곁으로 더 가까이 찾아갑니다.
  • [서울연구원_연구보고서] 서울시 공유경제 활성화 방안_숙박공유중심_반정화 2014
    등록일 2017-05-12 글쓴이 ssunha 조회수 4 READS
    서명 : 서울시 공유경제 활성화방안 연구책임자 : 반정화 부서명 : 시민경제연구실 분량/크기 : 106Page 분류 : 정책공유경제, 합리적 소비로 글로벌 경제위기·도시문제 해법으로 등장 1인 가구 증가와 같은 사회의 구조적 변화는 공동체 의식에 위기를 느끼게 했고 공동체 의식을 기반으로 한 생산자-소비자 간 또는 소비자 간의 유대관계를 회복하고 다양한 도시문제를 해결할 수 있다는 공동체의 중요성을 상기시켰다. 합리적 소비를 통한 글로벌 경제위기 극복과 도시문제의 해결 방안 중 하나로 공유경제가 등장하게 되었다. 기존 경제와 공유경제의 가장 큰 차이점은 경제활동 참여자들이 최종적으로 추구하는 목표에 있다. 기존 경제활동 참여자들은 최대이윤을 목적으로 경제활동을 하지만, 공유경제 참여자들은 사회 문제 해결, 사회적 가치 창출, 적정한 이윤 추구를 목적으로 한다.
  • CITYNET 로고이미지
  • ICLEI 로고이미지
  • UNHABITAT 로고이미지
  • WEGOV 로고이미지
  • WORLDBANK 로고이미지
  • KOICA 로고이미지
  • KOTRA 로고이미지
  • 서울시청의 로고
  • K-Developedia 로고 이미지
  • MITI – Metropolis International Training Institute

The main mission of the Metropolis International Training Institute (MITI) is to strengthen the institutional and professional capacities of local and metropolitan authorities and their leaders for better public governance.

The Metropolis International Training Institute (MITI) is the training and learning center of Metropolis, established in 1996.Today, MITI counts on headquarters located in Seoul, and four regional centers: Cairo, Mashhad, Mexico City and Paris (Île-de-France). Formerly located in Montreal, the headquarters have been transferred to Seoul after a decision taken at the Metropolis Board of Directors’ meeting in Guangzhou, in 2012.

With its relaunch in Seoul, MITI enters a new era of knowledge dissemination, with the boosted activation of its regional centers. MITI will spare no efforts to operate training programs in line with other Metropolis activities, for all members of the Association, and also for its institutional partners and affiliated cities.
  • Metropolis 로고이미지
  • World Cities Summit 로고이미지
  • CLC 로고이미지
  • 해외건설협회 로고이미지
  • ADB 로고이미지
  • 기재부 로고이미지
  • 외교부 로고이미지
  • 수출입은행 로고이미지
  • 금융투자협회 로고이미지
  • KDI 로고이미지
  • 대한상공회의소 로고이미지
  • 중소기업중앙회 로고이미지
  • 대한국토 로고이미지
  • KOSMIC 로고이미지
  • 서울시립대
  • metta
  • 국토연구원
  • UN SDG 온라인플랫폼
  • 공유도시(Sharing City) 서울은?

시간, 공간, 재능, 물건, 정보 등 누구나 소유하고 있는 것을 함께 나누어 활용함으로써 쓰지 않고 놀리는 자원을 효율적으로 활용하고, 지역경제를 활성화하며, 이웃과 공동체 의식도 형성하고, 환경에도 이로운 활동인 '공유'가 활성화된 도시입니다.

'공유도시 서울' 정책을 추진하게 된 이유는?

복지, 환경, 일자리 등에서 사회적 수요는 급증하고 있으나 한정된 예산과 자원으로 이를 해결하는데 많은 어려움이 있습니다. 또한 급격한 도시화로 공동체 의식이 실종되었고, 과잉소비에 따른 자원고갈과 환경오염 문제가 지속적으로 발생하고 있습니다.
이러한 해결이 어려운 도시의 경제적, 사회적, 환경적 문제들을 '공유'라는 새로운 방법을 통해 완화시켜 나가고자 합니다.