What is the Seoul Policy Sharing Initiative?
The background of the Seoul’s Policy Sharing Initiative is that as the Seoul city has experienced a rapid growth around over 60 years since the Korean War ages, our know-how with regard to urban development practices (or trials and errors) has also been accumulated. Nowadays, the Seoul city with our own valuable knowledge on urban planning and development is highly evaluated as the one of representative smart cities in the top of the world.
The Seoul city, however, do not consider our material, technical and intellectual assets as the only belonging to us for our solely development. In those reasons, we would like to provide other developing countries and cities with our key policies information in various areas, which is able to help your cities to achieve your sustainable development concerning economic, social, environmental growth. In other words, Seoul’s remarkable development experiences want to be humankind’s common assets through not only building reliable and concrete partnerships between private and public sectors but also making our collaborative efforts dedicating to constructing individual sustainability and Livable cities in the world.
Expanding Urban Diplomacy
by forming sister and friendship city relationships with more cities
As of March 2017, the Seoul Metropolitan City has formed sister city or friendship city relationships with 57 cities worldwide. Starting with a sister city relationship with Taipei in 1968, the SMG concluded sister city agreements with 23 cities including Washington D.C. (U.S.), Tokyo (Japan), Beijing (China), Paris (France), and Moscow (Russia). Starting with a friendship city agreement with Ottawa (Canada) in 1997, the SMG concluded friendship city relationships with 34 cities including Los Angeles (U.S.), Shanghai (China), Ho Chi Minh (Vietnam), and Milan (Italy).
Through active diplomatic efforts of the 5th and 6th SMGs, the number of sister cities and friendship cities have rapidly increased. For the past five years (2012-2016), the SMG has formed new sister city and friendship city relationships with 18 cities, accounting for 32% of the total number of its sister and friendship cities.
The world is experiencing urbanization at an extremely rapid pace. The global urban population is projected to grow from 3.6 billion in 2010 to 6.3 billion in 2050, and it is expected that the emerging countries will be responsible for most of this urban population growth(UN , 2012). This translates into an urban population increase of 5 million every month.
Amid such urbanization on a global scale, Seoul's experience of handling rapid urbanization has more implications compared to the experiences and urban planning strategies of the more advanced cities in the western countries.
Seoul’s urban development model is more appropriate for solving problem caused by rapid urbanization than an western urban development model. There is three reasons, below.
First, if cities in emerging countries emulate the development model of the western countries focused on low-density,
automobile-based urban development, the world would not be sustainable due to environment problems and lack of resources. So emerging cities must become eco-friendly and sustainable, unlike the already advanced western cities. Seoul city is an efficient and eco-friendly city in terms of carbon emission and energy consumption.
Second, in retrospect, western societies went through urbanization through industrialization, as the cities developed into manufacturing based cities.
However, in the case of Seoul as well as many emerging country cities, people first moved to the city without industrialization setting in. As the city expands rapidly, it is faced with a complex set of issues such as securing a strong economic foundation for the urban dwellers as well as sound living environment amidst unstable socio-economic conditions. Seoul is the only city that achieved sustainable growth in the economic, social, and environmental field despite the lack of resources and funding.
Third, in terms of methodology, western cities seek to understand the interested parties and analyze their needs to build a city together.
However, with the rapid expansion of urban population in which hundreds of thousands of people each year flock to cities each year, it is difficult to categorize the interested parties, and in many cases it is close to impossible to fully determine those working in the informal sector. Instead of spending years on research for planning, it is important to take prompt action to prevent the deterioration of quality of life of the urban dwellers. In contrast, Seoul has realized its urban vision through future-oriented, preemptive urban planning thanks to the devotion of leaders, experts, and public officials.
The 'urbanization' planning strategy to respond to the rapid urbanization needs of today must be different from the 'urban' planning of the western societies. It is important to devise a forward-thinking and preemptive urbanization strategy and promptly implement the plan. An urbanization planning strategy distinct from urban planning will be instrumental for the cities in emerging countries in tackling various issues that arise from rapid urbanization. Also, in the coming years, such strategy will have much implications for other cities around the world seeking to build more sustainable cities.
Seoul stands ready to cooperate with global cities to enhance the quality of life for all the citizens and build an economically prosperous and environmentally sustainable city. Going forward, Seoul city government will give higher priority to projects in partnership with emerging cities undergoing rapid urbanization in order to share Seoul's experiences and know-how.
As of the beginning of 2017, the Seoul Metropolitan Government has been contributing to solving global urban issues by sharing its excellent policies for urban issues.
The SMG has shared its 45 policies with 36 cities in 25 countries. Through systematizing its experience and technology as business models since 2012, a total of 36 projects, accounting for 84% of the total overseas expansion projects, have been exported in the past five years (2012-2016).
|Areas||Concentrations||County/City's Name (Contract-Complete)||Projects|
|Transit-Smart- Card System||China/Beijing (2006-2010)||Establishment of Automatic Fare Collection System|
|New Zealand /Wellington (2007-2013)||Implementation of Transportation Card Bus and Establishment of Settlement System|
|New Zealand /Auckland (2011-2013)||Implementation of Transportation Card Bus and Establishment of Settlement System|
|Malaysia/Kuala Lumpur (2010-2013)||Establishment of Bus Payment System|
|Malaysia/Kuala Lumpur (2014-Ongoing)||Consultation of integrated settlement system|
|Colombia /Bogota(2011-2014)||Establishment and Maintenance of Automatic Fare Collection System|
|Thailand/Banqkok(2012-Ongoing)||Consulting on Establishing Transportation Card system|
|Greece/Athens(2014-Ongoing)||Establishment of e-ticketing System|
|Mongolia /Ulan Bator (2014-Ongoing)||Establishment of Automatic Fare Collection and Management of Bus System|
|Côte d´Ivoire/Abidjan (2015)||Establishment of Automatic Fare Collection System|
|Saudi Arabia /Mecca(2015-Ongoing)||Consultation on Establishment of ITS Master Plan|
|Malaysia/Malacca (2015-Ongoing)||Establishment of Automatic Fare Collection system(including Maintenance)|
|Traffic Information Center(3)||Mongolia /Ulan Bator(2008)||Establishment of Transportation Information Center|
|the Azerbaijani Republic /Baku(2008)||Establishment of Transportation Information Center|
|Philippines/Manila(2015)||Consultation on Smart Transportation System Construction|
|Transportation||Ghana/Accra (2013)||Consultation on Establishing Master Plan for Urban Transportation System|
|Sri Lanka /Colombo (2013)||Public transportation system of Sri Lanka and its metropolitan area|
|Vietnam/Danang (2015)||A Study on the Establishment of Metropolitan Transportation System|
|Indonesia/Bandung (2015-Ongoing)||Policy Advisory Support on Development for Transportation infrastructure|
Water Management (5)
|Facilities||Peru/Chanchamayo(2012-Ongoing)||Water Facilities Improvement-ODA Project|
|Indonesia/Central Java(2014)||A Feasibility study on water purification systems Improvement Project|
|Papua New Guinea /Port Moresby (2014-Ongoing)||A Feasibility study on Water Purification Systems Improvement Project|
|Facilities Maintenance and Management||Brunei Darussalam (2012-Ongoing)||Consulting Project: Infrastructure Construction in PMB Industrial Island|
|Water Quality||Mongolia /Ulan Bator(2013-Ongoing)||Analysis on Water Quality for 'Tap Water'|
|e-Government||the Republic of Mozambique/Maputo(2013)||A Feasibility Study on e-government System|
|Ethiopia /Adis Ababa (2013)||A Feasibility Study on e-government System|
|Colombia /the Ministry of Information and Communication (2015-Ongoing)||Urban Disaster Preventing System by Big-data|
|Participatory System||India/Mumbai (2014-Ongoing)||Consulting on Civil Participatory Policy and System Development by Using ICT infrastructure|
Urban Railroad (4)
|System Melioration||Bangladesh /Chittagong (2013-Ongoing)||Consultation on Improvement of Infrastructure for 11 Station Signals|
|Facilities Design||Vietnam/Ho Chi Minh City (2013-2014)||Designing the line 1 of Railway|
|Urban Railroad Operation||Vietnam/Ho Chi Minh City (2015-Ongoing)||Through Public- Private Partnership Consulting on Urban Railroad Policy for Improvement|
|Maintenance Management||Philippines/Manila (2015-Ongoing)||Consulting on Management and Maintenance of Light Rail Transit Line|
Urban Planning (1)
|Technopolis||Vietnam/Dannang||Consulting on Strategy of Urban Planning -► "Hi-Tech Park"|
|Resource Recovery Facility||Singapore/Jurong Island (2013-Ongoing)||Sambcorp Waste disposal System Construction|
|Stream Rehabilitation||China/Hunan, Henan(2015-Ongoing)||Consulting Project on Stream Rehabilitation Planning in Dongjiang Lake, Qihe County|
|LED_Streetlight||Vietnam/Hà Tĩnh Province(2015-Ongoing)||LED Streetlight Installation by IoT(Internet of the Thing)|
Emergency Management (1)
|Fire and Disaster||Bangladesh /Daka(2014)||Consulting Project on installation of Fire and Disaster Preventing System|